- 1243 Wakinton, T. de Nevill.
- 1286 Waketon, Assize R.
- 1303 Waketon, F.A.
- 1650 Wakinton, Blount.
'Wacca's tun'. Cf. Waccanham (Kemble).
Trib. of Lugg, into which it flows near Stapleton.
- 1086 Wadetune, Dom.
- 1636 Wainherbert, Deed endowing Price's Hospital, Hereford.
In Longtown is Wayne.
More than half the names in the district are W. Therefore Wain may be W. guaun (gwaen), 'a meadow'. 'Herbert's meadow'.
M.E. wain, 'a wagon'.
- 1520 Walbroke, Aug. Of.
- 1086 Walecford, Waliforde, Dom.
- circ. 1226 Waleford, Capes.
- 1291 'Ecclesia de Walford cum capellis', Tax. Eccles.
- 1304 Walford, Ep. Reg.
- 1341 'Walford cum capella de Ruardyn', Non. Inq.
The first element is almost certainly O.E. wealh (Mercian, wale), 'a stranger', 'a foreigner', 'a Welshman'. 'The Welshman's ford'.
It is just possible, however, that it may be 'Ford at the wall', or even 'at the well'.
Sir R.C. Hoare makes Walford the Ridhelic (mod. Welsh, rhyd helig), 'Willow-ford', of Gir. Cambr., which is more probably 'The Helyg Ford' at Llanigon.
A hamlet of Leintwardine is also called Walford.
`Mill for fulling cloth'. O.E. wealcan (M.E. walke), 'to full cloth'. Hence the name Walker, which we find in MardenWalker's Green.
An element in several names in the county: The Walls (Kimbolton), Wall Hills (Ledbury and Thornbury), Wallhead (St Weonards), Wall End (Monkland and Stoke Prior), Wall Pool (Little Birch), and a curious Wallstych (Kington).
- 1275 Walneye, Ep. Reg.
- ante 1272 'rivulus qui vocatur Walschebrok, qui currit sub Akhull', Wormesley Chart.
Cf. Welch Wood (Brilley).
- 1316 Waltereston, F.A.
One of the group of three adjoining places (the others being Rowlestone and Gilbertstone) called after Norman knights, probably attached to the two castles of Ewyas Harold and Ewyas Lacy. Ralph and Gilbert are mentioned in Dom., but no Walter is mentioned in connection with the neighbourhood.
[Paul Remfry has helpfully pointed out that Walterstone is generally associated with the knight Walter Lacy (d.1085), who was lord of what was to become the lordship of Ewias Lacy.]
So in Leom. Cart. passim.
- 1086 Wapleford, Dom.;/.1 -r.-1? elk tRJg 114
- 1086 Wapletone, Dom.
- 1086 Werham, Dom.
- 1324 'Werham juxta Herefordiam', Ep. Reg.
- 1538 Warram, Val. Eccles.
'Ham at the wear'. O.E. waer, 'a wear, an enclosure for fish'.
Cf. Wharram (Yorks.) which in 1199 is Warham.
- 1175 Waribroc, Leom. Cart.
'Hill above the wear'. (It is exactly opposite Warham (q.v.) on the other side of the Wye.)
- 1086 Webetone, Dom.
- circ. 1200 Webbetune, Capes.
- 1243 Welketon, T. de Nevill. For this form see under Meer Court.
- 1291 Welbedon, Webbeton, Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Webbeton, F.A.
- 1341 Webbeton, Non. Inq.
- 1300 Webbetre, Ep. Reg.
O.E. waelsces-tun, 'tun of the Welshman'.
The brook that runs down from 'St Peter's Well'. I think it is the Wyrkebroc of T. de Nevill, being exactly in the right place.
- circ. 1030 Weolintun, Kemble.
- 1086 Walintone, Dom.
- 1131 Walintona, Capes.
- 1227 Wylinton, Chart. R.
- 1291 Welynton, Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Welinton, Walynton, F.A.
- 1341 Welyngton, Non. Inq.
Silas Taylor enigmatically says that Wellington is ' falsely written Wellowin for Weoling'.
Probably 'tun of the foreigners'; or perhaps 'of the sons of the foreigner'; less probably 'tun of the Wealings'.
- 1086 Wibelai, Wylbeleg, Dom.
- 1243 Webbeleg, T. de Nevill.
- 1291 Webbele, Tax. Eccles.
- 1302 Wolbeleygh, Quo War.
- 1316 Webbeley Burgus, F.A.
- 1341 Webbeley, Non. Inq.
- 1383 Whebbeleye, Ep. Reg.
- circ. 1550 Webbeley, Leland.
'Meadow of Wibba or Wybba'. One Wybba (died ante 628) was son of Creda (for whom see under Credenhill), and father of Penda, the great Mercian king.
There is a Webley Castle in Gower. There is possibly some connection, but what it is is uncertain.
Common meadows of the parish ('Ibi pratum bobus', Dom.). The word is also spelled Worgins or Wurgins. The origin and meaning of the word are unknown.
Welsh gwern, 'a swamp, low-lying meadow'.
Corrupted from Welsh Gwerndu (q.v.).
W. 'Long swamp'.
'Alder trees which the cuckoo haunts'.
W. cog is 'the cuckoo'.
- 1086 Westelet, Dom.
- 1243 Westhide, T. de Nevill.
- 1303 Westhyde, F.A.
- 1431 Westhuyt, F.A.
For second element see Hyde Ash.
- ante 1163 Hyda, Glos. Cart.
- 1291 Capella de Hyda, Tax. Eccles.
- 1341 Capella de Hide, Non. Inq.
- 1086 Westune, Dom.
- 1291 Weston, Tax. Eccles.
- 1341 Weston, Non. Inq.
- 1558 Weston super Fromey, Val. Eccles.
Beggard, earlier Bagard, does not seem to appear before the end of the 15th century. It may be a corruption of Bigod or Bagot. Hope Bagot (Salop) is in 1355 (Ep. Reg.) Hope Bagard. But the earliest known holder of Weston is Nicholas de St Maur, temp. Ed. I.
- 1243 Weston Bret, T. de Nevi11. Held by Matthew le Bret.
- 1086 Westuode, Westeude, Dom.
- 1291 Westwode, Tax. Eccles.
- no date 'Westwode in Jerchenffeld in Lawaran', Glos. Cart.
As we might expect, there seem to have been several Westwoods. The Glos. Cart. entry refers to Llanwarne. But the Westwode of Tax. Eccles. seems to be near Leominster; and in Leom. Cart. the Priory has an assart 'apud Westwod'. Of the Dom. entries Westeude seems rather to be in Dewsall, since 'St Mary of Lyre holds the church of this manor'; and we know from 'Feud. Aids' that Dewsall Church belonged to Lyre.
Belonged to Bishop Rob. de Bethune in 1140. But in the Confirmation by Dean and Chapter (same date) it is Wetebach. The Bishop's form seems Welsh, 'Eight stones'; cf. Trilleck (Mons.), 'Three stones'. But the Chapter's form is English 'wet valley'.
O.E. waet-mor, 'wet-moor'.
There is a Wetecroft in Bodenham in 1220.
Trib. of Arrow, in Huntington-by-Kington.
- 1086 Wavertune, Dom.
- 1123 Wavertona, Leom. Cart.
- 1243 Waverton, T. de Nevill.
- 1291 Wavertone, Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Wafreton, F.A.
- 1431 Wafurton, F.A.
The first element is said to be O.E. waefre, 'wandering', 'restless'. But this seems to give little or no sense. If the later forms did not so exactly follow Dom., I should have been tempted to say that the Norman scribe had tried to write Waerburhtune.
- 1291 Whyteburne, Tax. Eccles.
- 1292 Wytebourne, Ep. Reg.
- 1302 Wynterburn', Quo War.
- 1333 Wytebourne, Ep. Reg.
- 1341 Wytbourne, Non. Inq.
- 1291 Ecclesia de Albo Monasterio, Tax. Eccles.
- 1341 Ecclesia de Albo Monasterio, Non. Inq.
- 1353 Whytechirche, Ep. Reg.
- 1559 Whitwarden, Orig. R.
'White farm'. For second element see Appendix, -wardine.
- 1534 'Pratum vocatum Whitehull', Aug. Of.
A Whitewell is mentioned in A.-S. Chron. under the year 941 in the valley of the Dore.
In Glos. Cart., 1182, is mentioned Rob. de Wythefelde; but he may not have been from this Whitfield.
- 1086 Witenie, Dom.
- 1270 Wytteneye, Glos. Cart.
- 1291 Wytteneye, Tax. Eccles.
- 1322 Wytheney, Ep. Reg.
- 1326 Whyteneye, Ep. Reg.
- 1341 Whyteneye, Non. Inq.
'White island'. For second element see Appendix, -ey.
So in 1722.
There is in 1341 a Wyttenham somewhere in this neighbourhood.
- 1086 Witewiche, Dom.
- 1243 Wytewicke, T. de Nevill.
- 1303 Witewyk, F.A.
'The white wick'. For second element see Appendix, -wick.
- 1086 Huilech, Dom.
- 1123 Whiale, Leom. Cart.
- circ 1150 Whilai, Capes.
- 1243 Wyle, T. de Nevill.
- 1291 Wyhle, Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Wyle, F.A.
- 1341 While, Non. Inq.
- 1431 Le While, F.A.
There seems to have been confusion and misunderstanding of the word from early days. The Dom. form suggests Welsh llech, 'stone'. And the 1150 form equally plainly suggests O.E. leah, which is often found as lai.
Old forms wanted. It may be 'the wide bridge', or Widybridge, 'the bridge where the willows grow'. Cf. Widford (Oxfs.) which is Withiford.
- 1278 Wydemerch, Ep. Reg.
- 1291 'Apud moram de Wydemar', Tax. Eccles.
- 1316 'Molendinum de Widemersmulle', Ep. Reg.
- 1322 'in vico Wydemarschstrete', Capes.
- 1535 Wydemershmore, Val. Eccles.
- circ 1550 Wydemerestreet, Leland.
- 1563 Widemarshmore, Ind. Ct R.
- 1086 Wighemore, Dom.
- 1138 'Ecclesia Sancti Michaelis de Huggemora, et Sancte Brigide virginis', Glos. Cart. The dedication is now St James.
- circ 1140 Uggemore, Glos. Cart.
- 1265 Wygemor, Chart. R.
- 1283 Wygemor, Ep. Reg.
- 1291 Wyggemor, Tax. Eccles.
- 1341 Wygmore cum capell', Non. Inq.
- 1565 Wigmore Burgus, Wigmore Forinsec', Ind. Ct R.
'Moor of Wiga, Wicga, or Wigga'.
Cf. Wigwold (Glos.), 'Wicga's wold'.
[Paul Remfry has helpfully pointed out that the attributions of 1138 and 1140 (Huggemora and Uggemore) should be associated with Ogmore, Glamorgan.]
- 1086 Wigetune, Dom.
- no date Wigeton, Leom. Cart.
'Tun of Wiga, Wicga, or Wigga'.
In 1341 there is a Wyghfeld somewhere in the county.
- 1086 Willaneslege, Dom.
- 1291 Wylardesl', Tax. Eccles.
- 1341 Wylerdesleye, Non. Inq.
'Meadow of Wilgeard or Wilgart'.
- 1278 Wylileye, Ep. Reg.
- 1335 Wylleleye, Ep. Reg.
- 1348 Willeley, Ep. Reg.
- 1368 Wylleye, Ep. Reg.
'Meadow of Willa' (common in Onom.).
- 1086 Wilmestune, Dom.
- 1243 Wulmestun, T. de Nevill.
'Tun of Wilmaer'.
- 1086 Wiltone, Dom.
- circ. 1200 Wiltona, Gir. Cambs.
- 1243 Wylton, T. de Nevill.
- 1270 Wiltone, Glos. Cart.
- 1278 passagium de Wyltone', Ep. Reg.
- 1302 Wilton, Quo War.
'Tun of Willa'. The Salisbury Wilton is 'Tun of the Wilsaetas'.
- 1086 Wilvetone, Dom.
Prob. 'Willaf's tun'. A Kemble charter has Willavesham. Why the -es of the gen. of personal names is sometimes retained in the place-name, and sometimes lost, no investigator has yet satisfactorily explained.
- 1086 Wimundestreu, Wimundstruil,Wimestruil, Wim strui, Dorn.
- 1086 Widferdestune, Dom.
- 1277 Wymfretone, Ep. Reg.
- 1291 Wynfreton, Tax. Eccles.
- 1304 Insula de Winfretone, Wormesley Chart.
- 1330 Wymfortone, Ep. Reg.
- 1341 Wynferton, Non. Inq.
- circ 1670 'Winfreton, fluxus Vagae', Blount.
It is difficult to connect the Dom. entry with the later forms. Widferdestune would give something like 'Widferth's or Widfrith's tun' (but the name is not in Onom.). The later forms would be 'Winfrid's tun'.
- 1086 Wilehalle, Dom.
- 1637 Wynnall, Inq. p.m.
O.E. Willanhale, 'Willa's meadow'. The Worcs. Winnall supplies in 1327 the intermediate form Wylenhale. For second element see Appendix, -hale.
- 1086 Winetune, Dom.
- no date Weneton, Leom. Cart.
'Tun of Wine' (a common pers. name in Onom.).
Cf. Winslow (Bucks.), Winsley (Wilts.). There is a township of Winslow near Bromyard, which Blount (circ. 1670) gives as Windesley.
- circ 1189 Elfwineslege, Capes.
- no date Wineslee, Winesleg, Leom. Cart.
The 1189 form is 'AElfwine's meadow'. The later forms are shortened from it.
- circ. 1225 Villa de Wynestune, Capes.
- 1243 Wyneston, T. de Nevill.
- 1509 Winston, R. & S.
'Tun of Wine'. See Winnington.
- no date. Wintercote, Leom. Cart.
- 1539 Wyntercote, Aug. Of.
- 1123 Winnetone, Leom. Cart.
'Tun of Wine'. See Winnington and Winstone. All three are the same word developing each in a different way:- Winnington from a gen. in n, Winstone from a gen. in s, and Winton, as often, retaining no sign of the gen.
Old forms needed. Cf. Wyre forest (Worcs.) and Wyre river (Lancs.), both of uncertain etymology.
- 1241 Wistanestun, Chart. R.
- 1465 Wisterstone, Ind. Ct R.
- 1545 Wysteston, Ind. Ct R.
- circ. 1550 Wisteston, Leland.
'Tun of Wistan or Wigstan'. There is a Wistaston (farm) in King's Pyon. An unidentified Wyseton belonged to Leominster Priory in 1539. Wiston (Sussex) is in the 12th century Wistanestun.
- 1671 Witherston, H'shire Hearth Tax List.
'Tun of Wither or Withere'. Witherstone is a surname in the county. In Kimbolton is Lower Withers; and in Wellington Heath Withers. These are most probably corrupted from Withy (q.v.).
- 1086 Widingtune, Dom.
- 1278 Wydintone, Ep. Reg.
- 1291 Wythinton, Tax. Eccles.
- 1316 Chirche Wythynton, F.A.
- 1335 Ewythynton, Ep. Reg.
- 1341 Wythinton, Non. Inq.
- 1383 Church Wytyntone, Ep. Reg.
'Tun of the sons of Wida'. The forms of 1086 and 1278 make this practically certain. Withington (Lancs.) is in 1249 Wytintun, i.e. Withen tun, 'withy-town'. Whittington, on the Wye near Ganarew, is Dom. Wiboldingtune, 'tun of the sons of Wigbeald or Wicbold'.
The E of the 1335 entry is still preserved in the name of one of the three Withington Prebends of the Cathedral, and is the name of a farm some distance from the village. It is supposed, on no very good authority, to represent Fr. eau.
Trib. of Wye at Ballingham. The O.E. withig, 'a withy, willow', enters into several place- names in the county. Withybed is in Boulstone; Witheymoor in Aston Ingham; and The Withies in Withington (q.v.), which itself is, with no great probability, interpreted by some as 'withy-town'.
So in 1547. The name is now lost, but Hall-end and Redding-end still survive in the parish.
It is unfortunate that we have no old forms; since one would like to connect this word with some original in -saetas.
- 1086 Wluetone, Dom.
O.E. wo baec, 'crooked valley'. So prob. Woefields (Coddington).
- 1086 Ulferlau, Dom.
- 1276 Weferlowe, Ep. Reg.
- 1291 Wolfrelawe, Tax. Eccles.
- 1340 Wolverslowe, Capes.
- 1341 Wolferlowe, Non. Inq.
'Hill of Wulfhere', possibly the Mercian King.
- 1086 Ulfei, Ulfagie, Dom.
- 1086 Walesapeldor, Dom.
- 1291 Walshipton, Chart. R.
- 1303 Walsopethorne, F.A.
- 1316 Waylstapethorn, F.A.
- 1346 Walshopesthorne, F.A.
- 1428 Walsthopesthorne, F.A.
- 1431 Walsopesthorne, F.A.
The first element has survived with little change from Dom. But the second element changed, in two and a half centuries, first to -ton, then to -thorne: and some suggestion of the common Herefordshire element -hope seems also to have made its appearance.
The second element in the Dom. entry suggests the various Appledores (three in Devon, one in Kent). One of these is Dom. Appledore, but in 739 is Apuldre, and again in 1200 is Apeldre. This would be simply 'apple-tree', as also is Sussex Apuldram. Dr Beddoe, however, followed by Johnston, regards Appledore and Appuldram as of Celtic origin. Wolsopthorne, its history, and its alias (Wassington) form a strange and complicated enigma.
As might be expected in a county whose early records are full of the granting of tracts of forest-land 'assartandam', i.e. to be turned into an assart or clearing, -wood- is often found as an element in place-names. We have Woodlow (Bosbury); Woodhampton (Little Hereford); Woodseaves (Eardisley); Wooding (Stoke Lacy), which is possibly wudu-enge, 'a wooded narrow place'; Woodredding (Yatton), and two Woodmantons (Hope-under-Dinmore and Yarkhill), one of which is in 1343 (Ep. Reg.) Wodemantone, 'the woodman's hut', or possibly from a pers. name, 'Woodman's hut'. In Leom. Cart. W dehyd occurs frequently. Gt. and Little Woodend farm (Linton) are in 1532 Woddeyndes. In Chart. R. 1291 is (unidentified) 'Wodebury co. Hereford'. See also Wootton.
- 1086 Hope, Dorn.
- 1219 Oppa, Capes.
- 1221 Hope Wolnith, Capes.
- 1243 Wuilvene Hope, T. de Nevill.
- 1246 Wlwyneope, Capes.
- 1252 Wolvinehope, Capes.
- 1278 Wilhenehope, Ep. Reg.
- 1290 Wolvinhope, Ep. Reg.
- 1291 Hope Wolume, Hope Wilhelmi, Hope Wlniche, Tax. Eccles.
- 1316 Hope Wolvune, F.A.
- 1334 Wolnithehope, Ep. Reg.
- 1341 Hope Wolnith, Non. Inq.
- 1428 Wolchope, F.A.
In the Calendar of Hereford Missal, under xviii Calend. Feb. is 'obitus Wulvive et Godive que dederunt Hopam...ecclesie'. It must, then, at first have been Wulviva's hope; then it was corrupted into Wulvene, and, unaccountably, into Wolnith.
Leom. Cart. has (undated) Wlfputte, but this prob. refers to a nearer Wolf-pit. The Wiltshire Woolpit is in Kemble circ. 1060 Wlpit, and earlier Wulfpyt. There is in Aconbury in 1340 a Wolfheles ('wolf-cover', from O.E. helan, 'to conceal ').
We have no old forms; but it seems to be the name of the great Bishop of Worcester, Wulstan; though one wonders why it is found in a district so thoroughly Welsh. Woolstone (Berks.) is 'Wulfric's tun'.
- 1086 Wennetune, Dom.
- 1222 Wunetun, Brec. Cart. Mentioned with it is 'Hepe' which I cannot identify.
- 1316 Woneton, F.A.
Wenna, Wenni, Wunna, and Wynna are all found in Onom. There is a Woonton also in Almeley.
There are five Woottons in the county (Almeley, Dormington, King's Pyon, Pencombe, Wellington). Like the Oxfs. Wootton (871 Wudetun) they are all 'wood-town', 'tun in or near the wood'. T. de Nevill calls one (apparently that in Almeley) Wudeton: but the Wellington Wootton is in 1547 Wytton.
- circ. 1130 Guormui, Lib. Land.
This form is the mod. Welsh gwyrgam wy, 'crooked river'. If we accept this Welsh derivation, we need not consider the attempts to connect the word with the pers. name Orm found in Orme's Head, Ormskirk, Urmston, and the like; nor the plausible derivation from O.E. wyrm, 'a worm'; nor from a pers. name Wyrma, as Warminghurst (Sussex), and the Herefordshire Wormesley (q.v.).
In early days the district seems to have contained many names in which the river Worm was an element. Besides Wormbridge (q.v.), Wormelow (q.v.), and Wormhill (Eaton Bishop), which still survive, there was in 1333 a Womburne in Didley. There was also Wormeton (q.v.), and circ. 1316 in the forest of Treville is an 'essart Horm'.
- 1284 Wormbrugge, Glos. Cart.
- 1300 Wormbrugge, Glos. Cart.
- 1302 Wormebrugge, Quo War.
- 1341 Wormbrigg, Non. Inq.
- 1086 Wermelau, Urmelauia, Dom.
- 1227 Wurmelawe, Close R.
- 1228 Wirmelauwe, Close R.
'The low or hill near the Worm'. 'Wormelow tump', as it is always called, is an obvious pleonasm.
- 1086 Wermeslai, Wrmesleu, Dom.
- 1243 Wurmeleys, T. de Nevill.
- 1291 Wormesl', Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Wermesleye, F.A.
- 1341 Wormeslaye, Non. Inq.
'The meadow of Wyrma'.
- circ. 1230 Wirmetone, Glos. Cart.
- 1243 Wurmetun, T. de Nevill.
- 1367 villa de Wormyntone, Ep. Reg.
- 1400 Wormeton Baddeschawe, Acon. Accts.
- 1459 Wormeton, Exch. MSS.
'Tun on the Worm'. Wormington (Glos.) is Dom. Wermetun, 'Wyrma's tun'.
I can find no old forms of this. Johnston thinks it is simply O.E. wic, a village; and this would suit well with Wyche Yende, 'end of the village', in Cowarne in 1538, but scarcely with the pass through the Malvern Hills. Wychwood (Oxf.) is in 681 Hwicca wuda. The Wych may have been the furthest limit of the Provincia Huicciorum (Bede's name for Worcestershire).
In 1270 Chart. R. is an entry 'Eton & Wygewod, Co. Hereford', which I cannot locate.
Woodyate is a surname in the county; and (though we have no old forms) I suspect this to be the same word.
- 1086 Waia, Dom.
- 1097 Weage, Flor. Worc.
- circ. 1130 Gwy, Lib. Land.
- circ. 1200 Guai, Waia, Girald. Cambs.
- circ. 1250 'Aqua quae vocatur Waya', Glos. Cart.
- 1302 Weya, Quo War.
- 1391 Weya, Inq. p.m.
The form Vaga, like the Oxford Isis, is the invention of 16th century scholars. Gwy is a Celtic river-form found also in Mingui (the Monnow, q.v.), Med-way (Kent), Gowey (Chesh.), and Con-way.Return to top of page