- 1086 Medelagie, Dom.
- circ. 1130 Matle, Lib. Land.
- circ. 1200 Madele, Capes.
- 1221 Maddeleye, Capes.
- 1280 Maudel, Chart. R.
- 1291 Madele, Tax. Eccles.
- 1300 Madeleye, Inq. p.m.
- 1341 Maddeley, Non. Inq.
Lib. Land. says matle (Mod.Welsh Mad lle) is 'good place', because Dubricius was born there. But the English settlers evidently understood it as 'Meadow of Mada', and the name took this English form. Cf. Madeley (Salop) which is Dom. Madelie, Madingley (Cambs.), and Madehurst (Sussex) which is Dom. Madelie. 'Madanleah' occurs in Birch.
- 1831 Maen twlch, Ord. Map.
W. 'stone tump'.
This Welsh name, originally 'the house of a steward', then commonly 'a dairy-house', is found some half-dozen times attached to little hill-farms in the district of Ewyas and the Golden Valley. In Kentchurch and Hardwick it is still correctly spelt. In Clodock it has become 'The Moody', in St Margaret's, 'The Murdie', and in Newton-in-Clodock, 'Murdy'.
- 1139 Maischoit, E. H. Cart.
- 1232 Mascott, Dore Chart.
- 1324 Mascoit, Chart. R.
- 1327 Mascoyht, Chart. R.
- 1812 'The Mescotts', Duncumb.
Duncumb gives what is still the local pronunciation. The mod. form in print is evidently due to philological purists, whose interpretation this time is correct.
W. maes-y-coed, 'meadow in the wood'.
- 1086 Mainaure [J. H. R. thinks possibly].
Possibly O.E. Maegan ofer, 'Maega's bank'.
- 1305 Maynestone, Ep. Reg.
- 1316 Mayneston, F.A.
- 1333 Maynestone, Ep. Reg.
Apparently 'tun of Maena'.
Not in 1831 Ord. Map.
- No date Malfeld, Dore Chart.
- 1086 Malferne, Dom.
- 1275 Malvernia, Ep. Reg.
It is impossible to conjecture the meaning of this name. One hesitates to speculate even whether it be English or Celtic in origin. In a MS. in the library of Pemb. Coll. Camb., undated but said to be of the 11th century, the form Maelfern is found.
- circ. 1130 Mamheiliad, Lib. Land.
No forms older than 1831. But it is evidently a corruption of a -wardine ending, for which see Appendix. Quite close, in same parish, is Scutterdine.
- ante1056 Malveshylle, Kemble.
- 1086 Malueselle, Dom.
- 1291 Malmeshull Gamag', Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Malmeshulle Gamage, F.A.
- 1341 Malmeshull Gamag, Non. Inq..
The first element is O.E. malu, malwe, 'mallow', 'Hill on which the mallow grows'. The change to Malm- seems to be merely a phonetic corruption, since Malm- has no meaning. The Gamage family held lands in Mansell in the 12th century to mid. 13th century. In Tillington in 1395 is Manselleslond (Ep. Reg.).
- 1086 Malveshille, Dom.
- 1291 Malmeshull Lacy, Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Malmeshulle Lacy, F.A.
- 1328 Malmeshulle, Feet of Fines.
- 1341 Malmeshull Lacy, Non. Inq.
- 1400 Mansellacy, Aconbury Accts.
The 1400 entry in Acon. Accts mentions, with Mansellacy, a Childesmalmeshull.
- 1086 Merchelai, Dom.
- 1143 Markeley, Glos. Cart.
- 1163 Marcleie, Capes.
- 1291 Marcle, Tax. Eccles.
- 1302 Markelee, Quo War.
- 1341 Markeley, Magna & Parva, Non. Inq.
- 1652 Markehill, Survey.
J.S. Wood and Judge Cooke say mearc-leah, 'meadow on the boundary'. But Dom. -lai, though usually it represents -leak, is sometimes O.E. hlaw, 'a hill'; and the parish is set on a hill, which is still a landmark for the neighbourhood. It was possibly therefore, in the 11th century, 'Boundary Hill'. But, in 12th and following centuries, what should have been -low is confused with -ley, which gives 'Boundary meadow'. A farm in the parish is now called 'The Bounds'. In Garway (now and in 1607) is March Hill.
- 1086 Maurdine, Dom.
- 1138 Mauordine, Maurdina, A.C.
- 1219 Mawrdin, Capes.
- 1227 Maworthin, Chart. R.
- 1232 Mawworthin, Mauworthin, Close R.
- 1259 Mawordin, Chart. R.
- 1270 Mauardyn, Chart. R.
- 1291 Mawardyn, Maurden, Marthin, Tax. Eccles.
- 1302 Mawrthyn', Mawardyn, Quo War.
- 1341 Maurdyn, Non. Inq.
- 1545 Mawreden, Ind. Ct R.
'Farm of a man, possibly Maw (in Onom.). There is a Marden in Sussex, with quite a different history, which gives 'boundary hill' as its meaning.
This may be a corruption of or akin in origin to the W. pl.-n. Marloes, found in Pembs. Gwen, son of Llywarch Hen, the 6th century Welsh poet, is said to have been slain in a battle at 'the ford of Morlas'.
Old forms needed, to show whether it is 'Boundary hill' or 'Greater hill'.
- 1086 Mereston, Dom.
- 1243 Merstun, Leom. Cart.
- 1302 Merscheton', Quo War.
Tun by the mere or marsh'. Leom. Cart. has a Mersmedewe, which cannot be identified. There are at least a dozen Marstons in England, and a Merston in I. of Wight.
- 1086 Merestune, Dom.
- temp. Hen. III Merscheton, MS. Chart.
- circ.1130 Lann Martin, Lib. Land.
So identified by Eg. Phil. I can find no other early form. If the identification is correct, Marstow would be 'the dwelling- place hard by St Martin's church'. (The present church is dedicated to St Matthew.)
- 1304 Masintone, Ep. Reg.
'Tun of Maesa'. A charter in Kemble relates to Maessan-wyrth, Maesa's farm'.
- 1086 Mateurdin, Dom.
- 1086 Matma, Dom.
- 1275 Mathine, Madine, Ep. Reg.
- 1395 Mathone, Ep. Reg.
Origin uncertain. There is in 1302 (Quo War.) a Mathunleye in Archenfield.
- 1086 Mage, Magge, Magene, Magga, Dom.
- circ.1150 Machna, Brec. Cart.
- ante.1176 Mahena, Brec. Cart.
- 1187 Magene , Capes. The details identify it as Rose Maund.
- 1219 Brian de Maghene, Capes.
- temp.Hen. III Magene Album, MS. Chart.
- 1240 Mawene Aubin, Fine Roll.
- 1243 Magene Albini, Magene Brian, Magene Mauricii, T. de Nevill.
- 1302 Brianes Maune, Quo War.
- 1303 Mawene Nichol, F.A.
- 1337 Maune, Chart. R.
- 1431 Mawne Nicholl, F.A.
- 1433 Rons Maune, Court R.
- 1559 Mawne Albyn, Mawne Bryan, Harl. MS.
- circ.1650 Ronse Maun is from the ancient family of Ronse, hitherto owners of it', Blount MS.
Magene, or Mage, was a district of some considerable size. One is tempted to say that the Mercian folk, who on settling in Herefordshire were called Mage-saetas, took their name from this district, rather than, as pop. etymology has it, from Magna, the Roman city near the Wye. The oldest recorded form of the name of these settlers is Magonsetun (A.D. 811), which looks more like 'settlers in Magene', than 'settlers in Magna'. Moreover, Magna had almost certainly become Kenchester in Offa's time (757-796). What Magene means it is impossible to tell. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1016) says, 'Magesaetae alias Masegetae' (i.e. 'inhabitants of Maiseveth').
- 1585 Mawdelens Wood, Survey of Manor.
- 1086 Malfelle, Dom.
- 1243 Malcfeld, T. de Nevill.
- 1316 Malfeld, F.A.
The whole district, roughly bounded by the Wye, the Dore and the Worm, is called in Lib. Land. Mais Mail Lochou, also Campus Malochu. The Dom. and T. de Nevill forms are a half translation of Campus Malochu, T. de Nevill retaining the guttural. The name only now survives in the farm in Aliensmore. A Dore Charter mentions also a Malfeld, which must be in Peterchurch.
Really Yartledon Hill, q.v.
- 1416 Malyerestrete, Heref. Corp. MS.
- 1478 Malierstrete, Heref. Corp. MS.
- circ.1200 Medemore, Capes.
- circ.1220 Medimor, Capes.
- 1318 Medemore, Capes.
Meadmore is still a surname fairly common in the county, though as a place-name it is lost.
T. de Nevill (which J.H.R. calls 'the despair of the topographer') is usually wild in its spelling. In Herefordshire it is sometimes at its wildest. In Kingstone it gives us Welketon, Cobbewell, 'La Marc', which must be (since they are exactly in the right position) Webbeton, Caldewell, la Mare, the last of these being the present farm of Meer Court. In 1553 (Inq. p.m.) it is Merecourte.
- 1302 Merebathe, Quo War.
One is tempted to say this is M.E. mere, 'a boundary', and beche or bathe, 'a valley'; but it is quite certainly the name of the hill which dominates the upper portion of the Golden Valley. More than half the place-names in the immediate neighbourhood are W.
Dom. (speaking of the Castle of Wigmore) says: 'Willelmus comes fecit illud in Wasta terra que vocatur Merestun, quam tenebat Gunuert T.R.E'. Evidently, in the Confessor's day, the 'tun by the mere' was a settled holding. It had been devastated by Gruffydd and Aelfgar some thirty years before the Survey, or by Edric the Savage some twelve years after them. The holder, perhaps builder, of Merestun T.R.E. is that Gunward whose name, corrupted, is preserved in Clungunford ('Gunward's Clun').
- 1338 'quaedam semita vocata Meresty', Glos. Cart.
'Boundary-path'. As late as 1722 the word meer 'is used in Herefordshire leases for boundary'.
Perhaps all these are from M.E. mire, myre, 'boggy, swampy ground' (cf. Mirfield, Yorks.). Duignan thinks the first element in Meriden (Warwcs.) is myrig, 'pleasant'.
- 1271 Myryvale, Ep. Reg.
- 1400 Muryvalefeld, Acon. Accts.
- 1415 Merivalefeld, Ct Roll.
- 1538 Meryvalle, Aug. Of.
There seems no doubt that the first element here is M.E. mire, myre, 'boggy, swampy ground'. But Merevale (Warwcs.) is one of the few genuine Latin place-names. It was called mica villa by the Cistercian monks who settled there. (Cf. also Merville in Normandy.)
- circ. 1130 Lann mihacgel cil luch, Lib. Land.
I cannot discover when the English form came into use. For cil luch see Gillow.
- 1291 Ecclesia Sancti Michaelis, Tax. Eccles.
- 1302 Mighelschirche by Huntyndon, Quo War.
- 1333 Mygholescherche, Capes.
- 1341 Ecclesia Sancti Michaelis, Non. Inq.
- 1577 Michaelchurch, Saxton's Map.
In Welsh MSS. it is often Llanfihangel Dyffryn Arw, or Llanfihangel y Dyffryn.
- 1280 Michaeleschirche, E. H. Cart.
- 1577 Llanyhangleskle, Saxton's Map.
- 1611 Llanihangleskle, Speed's Map.
- 1786 Michaelchurch, Taylor's Map.
- 1366 'Porcio de middulcourt in ecclesia de Bromyard', Ep. Reg.
- 1086 Miceltune, Dom.
- 1123 Miclatuna, Leom. Cart.
- 1243 Mittleton, T. de Nevill.
- 1831 Middleton-on-the-Hill, Ord. Map.
The first element is O.E. micel, 'great' (Scotch, muckle). Cf. in the Glos. Cart. 'a watercourse called Muchelpol'. Most English Middletons (of which there are more than twenty) are Dom. Mideltone, or other like forms. One only is Mildentone, 'tun of Milda'.
- 1086 Midewde, Mideurde, Dom.
- 1290 Mydwode, Ep. Reg.
- 1348 Middelwode, Ep. Reg.
- 1537 Myddellwod, Medelwood, Aug. Of.
In 1459, in an Excheq. MS., complaint is made to the Lord of Kilpeck that one of his tenants has 'come to the Munde ...and yr stele an hors...of the godes of oon Milys Hugyn yor ten'nt'. A few miles away is Higgins Well; and in the Leom. Cart. is Hugynsmedue. Leom. Cart. has also a Myleshope; and there is a Mileslonde in E. H. Cart. 1352.
- 1086 Mildetune, Dom.
- 1393 Mydelton, Mylton, Ep. Reg.
There are more than twenty Miltons in England; some, the later ones, are probably Mill-town. Most are Dom. Middeltone. This is probably 'Milda's tun', as Milton Street (Sussex); though in this latter case Roberts thinks Mildetune may possibly represent Middeltune by metathesis.
- circ.1230 Muntryche, Harl. MS.
- 1558 Muntridge, Harl. MS.
- 1650 Mintridge, Heref. Corp. MS.
The first element may be the plant (O.E. minta, Dutch, count) as in Minsted (Sussex); or possibly it is O.E. munt, 'a mount'.
No old forms. Possibly O.E. muche-ale, 'great hall' or 'big nook'. (For second element see Appendix, -hall.) There is a Michelet in Leom. Cart. unidentified.
- 1086 Moches, Dom.
- circ. 1130 Mochros, Lib. Land.
- 1243 Mocres, T. de Nevill.
- 1283 Mockres, Fine Roll.
- 1291 Mockers, Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Mockes, F.A.
- 1321 Molkas, Ep. Reg.
- 1322 Mockas, Ep. Reg.
'Swine-moor'. Welsh moch is plur. of mochyn, 'a pig'. It forms an element in many Welsh place-names. There are at least two places called Mochras, and a Mochdre, and a Mochnant. A little lower down the river Wye, near Madley, is Swinmoor (q.v.), a name thought to be a translation of Mochros. Eg. Phil. thinks Mochros was the name of a district, which extended down the Wye and included Swinmoor. In 1722 there is a Piggmoor in Credenhill.
W. mock as in previous word, and tref, 'a house', 'hamlet', 'village'.
- circ.1130 Minid ferdun, Lib. Land.
- 1818 'Money-Farthing Hill, probably from coins found there',Britton's 'Herefordshire'.
- 1831 Mynydd Ferddyn, Ord. Map.
Welsh mynydd Ferddyn, 'Ferddyn's hill'. Close by (in the same delimitation, Lib. Land.) was luck Ferdun, 'Ferddyn's Loch'. The name is now spelt in many different ways. Kelly's 1900 Directory makes it Money-ferdin. Locally it is still Money farthing.
- 1356 Hyde Monachorum, Ep. Reg.
Belonged to St Peter's, Gloucester. There is a Monk's Court in Eardisland, and a Monkhall in Much Dewchurch.
- 1086 Leine, Dom.
- 1123 Leena, Leom. Cart.
- 1137 Monkeslene, Munkeslene, Leom. Cart.
- 1291 Monklene, Tax. Eccles.
- 1327 Monklene, Plac. de Banco.
- 1336 Monkelone, Ep. Reg.
- 1538 Monkelane, Val. Eccles.
Belonged to the Abbey of Conches in Normandy. For second element see Lene.
- 1316 Monkenemulle, Ep. Reg.
- 1802 Monkmoor Mill, Price's Map.
In Price's Map the mill is on Eigne-brook (see Eign). It is possible that the 1316 form is Monk-eigne-mill.
- 1086 Manitune, Manetune, Dom.
- 1300 Monynton in Straddel, Inq. p.m.
- 1303 Monyton, F.A.
- 1316 Monyton Straddel, F.A.
- 1831 Monnington Stradel, Ord. Map.
- 1086 Manitune, Dom.
- circ. 1150 Monitona, MS. Chart.
- 1278 Monitone, Ep. Reg.
- 1286 Munetone, Ep. Reg.
- 1291 Moniton, Tax. Eccles.
- 1302 Mointon super Weyam, Quo War.
- 1341 Monyton, Non. Inq.
- 1391 Monyton super Weyam, Inq. p.m.
'Tun of Mann, Manna, or Manni' (all common in Onom.).
- circ.1130 Mingui, Mynwy, Monnwy, Lib. Land.
In Mod. Welsh the river is Mynwy. Monnow is the English spelling of the colloquial Welsh Mynw.
No old forms. First element uncertain. For second element see Appendix, -sty.
- 1086 More, Dom.
The Dom. entry says More is in Stradel Hundred, not, as usual, 'in valle Stradelei'. This probably means that the Stradel Hundred stretched beyond the actual valley of the Dore, and over the watershed into the valley of the Wye.
- 1086 More, Dom.
- 1291 Mora Canonicorum, Tax. Eccles.
- 1341 Mora Canonicorum, Non. Inq.
'The Moor' is to be found as the name of a house in Bodenham (La More 1303), Clifford, and Eardisley. In this last parish is a Quistmore also. Leom. Cart. has very often 'Manerium de la More in Leon', and, several times, a More Aubyn.
- 1241 La More, Cott. MS.
No abbey is known to have been in Middleton.
- 1341 Moramptone, Ep. Reg.
There is a Moorhampton (farm) also in Abbeydore.
- circ.1130 Cum Mouruc (Mod. Welsh, Cwm Meurig), Lib. Land.
So identified by Eg. Phil. 'Meurig's tun'; soon corrupted into Moraston on English lips.
Cf. (in Almeley) Hallaston and Logaston (q.v.).
- circ.1230 Mordiforde, Capes.
- 1291 Mordeford, Tax. Eccles.
- 1295 Mordiford, Ep. Reg.
- 1341 Mordiford, Non. Inq.
Judge Cooke says it is Welsh, Mord-gwy-fford, 'the passage or way through the constantly overflowing or muddy water'. On this, not being a Celtic scholar, I make no comment. But it is not in a Welsh district.
- 1086 Mortune, Dom.
- 1273 Morton Jeffrey, Comp. R.
- 1341 Capella de Morton Geffray, Non. Inq.
The 'Jeffrey' cannot be traced. From before Dom. to the present day the living has been in the hands of the Dean and Chapter of Hereford.
- 1086 Mortune, Dom.
- circ.1250 Morthone, MS. deed.
- 1291 Morton juxta Logge, Tax. Eccles.
- 1341 Morton juxta Lugge, Non. Inq.
O.E. mor tun, 'the tun by the moor or swamp'.
For second element see Appendix, -with.
- 1232 Maubache, Dore Chart.
- 1831 Mowbage, Ord. Map.
A few miles further up the Golden Valley is Merbach hill (q.v.).
- 1385 Munderfield, Ep. Reg.
I cannot fix, even approximately, the date when the Avenbury portion of Munderfield became Munderfield Row. This new element is, I conceive, a corruption of Rough (q.v.) so commonly found in Herefordshire.
Munkley is a surname in the county.
- 1086 Muneslai, Moneslai, Muleslage, Dom.
- 1173 Muneslega, Capes.
- 1243 Munesleg, T. de Nevi11.
- 1281 Monesle, Chart. R.
- 1291 Monesleye, Tax. Eccles.
- 1303 Moneslye, F.A.
- 1305 Monesle, Ep. Reg.
- 1341 Monesleye, Non. Inq.
In Leom. Cart. undated. See Hope.
- 1300 Munede, Inq. p.m.
- 1340 Meenede, Minister's Accts.
- 1459 Munde, Excheq. MS.
Welsh mynydd, 'a mountain', and also 'a heath or uncultivated tract'. There is a Meend's Wood in Ganarew, and a Menith Wood in Lindridge (Worcs.). For the form meand, common in Forest of Dean, see Baddeley, p. xix. The actual mansion house (Mynde Park) was apparently once called Tregroes.
- 1327 Fowemenede, Plac. de Banco.
- 1577 Fowmynd Chapel, Saxton's Map.
- 1611 Fowmynd Chapel, Speed's Map.
- 1786 Vowmynd, Taylor's Map.
- 1831 Mynydd brith, Ord. Map.
Welsh mynydd, 'a mountain', and frith, 'a wood'. I cannot explain the change of name between 1786 and 1831. At the present day the 1831 form is the official name; but old people in Dorstone still call it Vowmynd. For the first element in the older name see Fownhope.Return to top of page